Your body gets energy by making glucose from foods with carbohydrates such as bread,
pasta, milk, and fruit. To use this glucose, your body needs insulin. Insulin is a hormone
that helps your body control the level of glucose (sugar) in your blood.
Type 1 diabetes (juvenile) is a disease in which the pancreas has been shut down by the
immune system and no longer produces insulin. If a person has Type 1 diabetes, the
normal regulatory system that regulates blood sugar levels does not work. Glucose builds
up in the blood instead of being used for energy.
The cause of the Type 1 diabetes remains unknown. However, it is not preventable and it
is not caused by eating too much sugar or not jogging enough. The body’s defense system
attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas by mistake, but we
don’t know why.
A person with type 1 must treat the disease by taking insulin either by injections or an
Type 1 is different from Type 2 diabetes, which is a resistance to insulin often caused by
lifestyle choices, such as poor diet and lack of exercise. Type 2 gets a lot of attention in
the media, in part because it’s preventable and manageable, with a moderated diet and
regular exercise. But Type 1 isn’t caused by lifestyle. You can’t prevent it, or manage it,
by eating less and jogging more.
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Dogs for Cures is part of Cures Within Reach, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to improving patient quality and length of life through repurposing existing drugs and devices for new uses. We love including dogs in our broad definition of 'existing devices' to support patients! Learn more at www.cureswithinreach.org